Hard to believe that we have just finished our first week of touring with the group. We've done and seen (and eaten!) so much; plus, it's really the beginning of the third week for us.
This post is called "On the Road", because for the next two days we will be moving around via the bus instead of flying.
So we reluctantly said goodbye to the Kempinski Resort in Antalya and headed out at 8 am. As we drove through the city we could clearly see that almost all of the apartment buildings had solar panels on the top. Adjacent were one or more large barrels, filled with water. The sunlight is used to heat the water which is used in the building. Clearly they are taking advantage of this abundant natural resource.
Heading northeast, we very quickly were driving up and into the Torus Mountains. This is a major range that cuts across Turkey from east to west. It looks like the Rockies or the Alps (tall, sharp peaks), but, amazingly, it is made of sedimentary rock, not granite. That means that it used to be at the bottom of an ocean! This would be Tethys, which was a huge body of water in the Pangea age of Earth's development. So you can actually find evidence of sea creatures at the tops of the mountains. Beautiful scenery as we drove up to an elevation of 6,000 feet. Fir tree covered mounts, bare peaks, rivers, nomad goat-herder camps, and a number of small towns nestled in the valleys, each with at least one mosque (if we had a Turkish Lira for every minaret we've seen, we could pay for this trip!). After a while we stopped at a roadside fruit market. This is where the people from the surrounding area come to purchase food. Our guide bought bananas (a big crop here) for the whole bus.
After about 2 hours we stopped for a "convenience break" at one of those large in-the-middle-of-nowhere tourist places: gas station, restaurant with local food, Turkish delight, honey (and honey combs for sale!), and tons of tourist clothes and souvenirs.
Back on the bus for another 90 minutes and we arrived in Konya (pop. 1 million). This is one of the most conservative cities in the country, although, once again, you could not tell from the way people dressed. Our guide said that a few years ago they were debating having separate public transit for men and women. And alcohol is only served in hotels, not regular restaurants.
"Rumi" means "Roman" in Turkish; he was called this because he lived on the Roman side of town. He built (or had built) a beautiful mosque, which is now a museum that contains Korans going back 700 years.
Speaking of years, there is a cemetery right across the street. Many of the plots closest to the mosque have 4 or 5 or more tombstones on them because everyone wants to be close to Rumi (his sarcophagus is in the mosque). The other interesting thing about the cemetery is that you will see gravestones that read, say, "Born 1347 Died 1931". Huh? This is because the Muslim calendar is about 600 years behind the Gregorian. Another of Ataturk's decrees was that Turkey would switch to the Gregorian, so people who were born before 1922 use the Muslim year and if they died after that, they use the Gregorian!
Then we had a brief stop at our hotel and went out again to Çatalhöyük, a Neolithic settlement from 7,400 B.C. To get there we had to drive about an hour. Wow! If you think Illinois is flat, you should see this place! Lots of farms, but also lots of flat barren land. Every so often there is a mound (from 15 to 60 feet high). Most of these probably have archaeological significance. Catalhoyuk is the most complete one found to date. It is a city of single room houses made of clay. The people would live in the house for about 100 years, then cut the walls in half horizontally, use that to fill in the floor, and then build their new house right on top!
This is how the mounds were made over a period of 1,000 years or more! So we could see the houses in the top level and the guide said there were 18 levels beneath! The people also had the custom of burying their dead right in the floor of their house, so as the archaeologists dig down they find many intact skeletons. In fact, he said they found some just 3 days ago. Another major feature of these ruins is the paintings on the walls. In one house we saw hand prints of a woman from 8,000 years ago.
Here we are in front of a second, nearby area, by a pit that is 8,000 years old.
The guide also told us that they have found no evidence of a class society (e.g., bigger houses, special amenities, no rank), nor anything other than a natural death for the people. In other words no money, no war, no government; just a peaceful community. Sounds pretty nice.........
You'll notice that there were no food pictures or descriptions for today. That's because the food was unmemorable and not blog-worthy.
Miscellaneous Notes: Per our guide there are no homeless people in Turkey (because of a strong family support system), and, until recently, no begging. That may change due to the huge influx of Syrian refugees (of whom the Turkish government is very welcoming).
Mosques: Though they do use electronic loudspeakers on the minarets nowadays, the call to prayer must be done live; no recordings are allowed. Also, the large majority of mosques have one minaret. If you wanted to build one with two, you must have been related to the Sultan or have his permission. More than two indicates that it was built by and for the Sultan.
The auto industry is huge here both in terms of employment and as an export commodity. The largest Hyundai, Renault, and Porsche plants are all in Turkey. This is somewhat ironic, since the taxes on an auto purchase here can go up to 130%! So a $30,000 car might actually cost $70,000!!!! And gas is up to $11 a gallon. Who can afford to drive at these prices?
Wednesday, July 2 - Part 1
Our quick stay in Konya is over as we hit the road again this morning. After about an hour's drive, we are actually cruising on part of the old Silk Road! Our first stop was at the 13th century Aksaray - Sultanhanyi Karavansary. This literally means "caravan palace". And, indeed, it is quite impressive. This is like our tollway oases where the weary Silk Road travelers and their camels would rest for a day or two.
It is built like a fort, and often had to serve as that function if attacked. Inside was a courtyard, and almost always a mosque in the center and rooms along both sides.
The back half was the actual stable and it was amazing! It was built with very high vaulted ceilings - mostly just to impress the merchants who passed through here.
It was those same merchants, going west, who told tales of this architecture, and that later became the Gothic Style that was used in the building of many of Europe's large cathedrals.
Of course, right across the way was the "Caravan Café and Gift Shop". We actually bought a few things, even though it smelled like Oom Samsa de Winkel on the inside (a gift shop in the wine country of South Africa). Let's just say it was not a pleasant smell.
Another 90 minute drive took us (finally!) into the Cappadokia (Cappadocia - pronounced with a hard "c") region. This is from the Old Persian name is Katpatuka, which means "the land, country of beautiful horses". Nowadays, this area is a tourist spot due to the amazing hoodoos, fairy chimneys, canyons, and caves that stretch for miles.
We stopped at one of the fairy chimneys. People have been living in the conical cave houses for two thousand years.
Originally they were carved out and used as churches, with storage on the bottom, a common area on level 2, and the church on the top level. Today, only 3 are occupied by families, as all of them are now part of a national park. We were taken into one of these and got to look around and hear about life there (through our guide as interpreter).
They actually have all the comforts of our home - dishwasher, stove, electricity, running water, even storage cabinets built right into the rock - except the bathroom is a few steps outside. This house has been in their family for 4 generations. Since it is now government owned, they can pass it on to a family member, but can not sell it.
The carpets on the floor were woven by the wife (pictured here) or her mother; one carpet is 100 years old!
Since they are living in a hollowed-out rock, the temperature most of the year is about 68 degrees. However, on really cold winter days, they put a stove in the middle of the 2nd-level room and burn coal for heat. It was a fascinating look at a way of life so different from ours.
So different, that is, until we drove over and checked into our hotel, the Anatolian Houses. Not passing up an opportunity to make money, a number of hotels have opened in the last decade which, like ours, are built into the sides of the hills - cave rooms!
This is unlike any hotel we have ever been in. We are fortunate to be on the ground floor, as the steps (no elevators) to the upper one are rough and uneven (carved out of stone). Like the stone house we visited, ours has no air conditioning, but also apparently no ventilation!
Our final tour of the day was to Kaymakli - the underground city. There are several of these cities across the region of Cappadocia. They were built starting in the 7th C AD through the 11thC AD as ancient "bomb shelters" for the early Christians-- first from the Romans, then from the Arabs. After that time, these " cities" were occupied by Turks until the 1929s.
All that and more in our next post! (Don't you just love teasers!)